Elbow Cay Lighthouse Bahamas


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Elbow Cay Lighthouse Bahamas

Elbow Cay Lighthouse Bahamas

The Elbow Cay Lighthouse, located in Hope Town on Elbow Cay in the Abaco Islands of the Bahamas, is one of the last remaining hand-wound, kerosene-fueled lighthouses in the world. Built in 1864, this iconic red and white striped structure stands as a testament to the island’s rich maritime history and the enduring legacy of traditional lighthouse technology.


Rising 89 feet above sea level, the Elbow Cay Lighthouse is a vital navigational aid in the shallow and treacherous waters of the Abaco Sound. Its distinctive candy-striped appearance makes it easily recognizable and a beloved symbol of Hope Town and the surrounding areas. The lighthouse’s light, visible for up to 23 nautical miles, has guided countless mariners safely through the hazardous reefs and shoals that dot the Abacos.

What sets the Elbow Cay Lighthouse apart is its operational method, which remains largely unchanged since its construction. Unlike modern lighthouses, which are often automated and powered by electricity, the Elbow Cay Lighthouse continues to use a kerosene lamp and a hand-cranked mechanism to rotate its Fresnel lens. This traditional approach requires a dedicated lighthouse keeper to wind the mechanism every few hours, ensuring the light continues to shine brightly through the night. This commitment to preserving the lighthouse’s original technology offers visitors a rare glimpse into the past and a deeper appreciation for the skill and dedication of lighthouse keepers.


The lighthouse was constructed by the British Imperial Lighthouse Service to improve maritime safety in the Bahamas, which was notorious for shipwrecks due to its shallow waters and unpredictable currents. Over the years, it has become a cultural and historical landmark, reflecting the island’s colonial heritage and its ongoing importance to local navigation and tourism.

Visiting Elbow Cay Lighthouse Bahamas

Visitors to the Elbow Cay Lighthouse can climb the 101 steps to the top, where they are rewarded with panoramic views of the turquoise waters, the charming town of Hope Town, and the surrounding islands. The climb itself is an adventure, winding through the narrow, spiral staircase that has withstood the test of time. At the top, the lantern room houses the original Fresnel lens, a marvel of 19th-century engineering that continues to function as it did over a century ago.

The lighthouse and its surrounding area offer more than just stunning views. The Hope Town community is deeply connected to the lighthouse, celebrating its history through various events and festivals. The lighthouse has also become a focal point for preservation efforts, with local organizations and volunteers working tirelessly to maintain its structure and operations. These efforts ensure that the Elbow Cay Lighthouse remains not only a functional navigational aid but also a living museum of maritime history.

In recent years, the lighthouse has faced challenges, particularly from hurricanes and storms that have threatened its structure and operation. However, the resilient spirit of the Hope Town community and the dedication of preservationists have ensured that the lighthouse continues to stand as a beacon of hope and history.


The Elbow Cay Lighthouse is more than just a navigational aid; it is a symbol of heritage, perseverance, and community. Its continued operation in the traditional manner offers a unique and enriching experience for visitors, providing a tangible connection to the maritime history of the Bahamas. Whether you are a history enthusiast, a lighthouse lover, or simply seeking a unique adventure, a visit to the Elbow Cay Lighthouse is an unforgettable journey into the past and a testament to the enduring legacy of this remarkable beacon.

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